DIY纺车车轮灯

七百九十五

About: Living in Barcelona and making furniture mainly from things found in the street..我希望在某种程度上能让它更多地成为一种收入。希望你喜欢这里的东西,如果你真的有空的话…

有人给了我一个小轮子,我想我可以试着用它做点什么。a lamp wasn't the most obvious option,but I had more use for a lamp than a really really small bike.It's not the most complicated construction in the world,但有时构建起来很难,所以如果您决定构建类似的东西,希望本指南能够有所帮助。

The exact parts list may be difficult to find so where possible I've given both my exact steps,and more general instructions to make things more useful.希望你喜欢阅读/制作这本书,如果你有任何问题,请告诉我。

Step 1: Tools and Parts

工具:

  • 螺丝起子
  • 钢丝钳/剥线钳
  • 夹子或类似物
  • 剪刀
  • Files (large and small)
  • Glue / Tape

Recommended:

  • 电缆切割手套
  • 一个钻头很有用,但是如果你找到一个有孔的底座,你可以不用它来钻。

Parts:

*这个列表给出了我在最终设计中的确切部分,但应该很容易找到替代品并用类似的东西来完成。

  • 1个车轮……………………………………30cm diameter,中心1cm孔,20 spokes (10 /side)
  • 1个圆形底座直径18cm,3cm高度
  • 1 Pole....................................................hollow,diameter ~1cm,长度:50厘米
  • 1根电缆3mm diameter,长度:4m
  • 10电缆端部紧固件……….5mm
  • 1 Wire...................................................有足够的力量弯到灯罩里,~1.4m
  • 2软管卡箍………………………1×2.5cm,直径1 x 5厘米
  • 1个插头/开关see image
  • 1个灯泡/插座………………………7W LED,暖灯+螺丝接线柱
  • 4螺钉和螺母4x16mm
  • Material to make lampshade..........描图纸~20x60cm
  • 旋转顶部和“盖子”…see further down or get creative for this part
  • 丙烯酸/塑料板~10cm2~3mm厚

步骤2:车轮准备

1)拆下穿过轮毂中心的销(轮子的中间部分)让杆子移到这里。拧下固定销的螺母并将其取出。你可能需要清洗一下轮子,因为里面可能有油。

2)Remove all the spokes that attach to one side of the hub.Basically,每一个轮辐都需要像图中圈出的那样松开。

第3步:中心杆

1)把杆子切成44厘米

2)Cut a hole [1cm tall and 0.5cm wide]in the pole at a height of 35cm.电缆将通过这个孔到达灯泡插座。

3)凿拱[1cm tall and 0.5cm wide]在电线杆的底部.This part will go into the base and the cable will go through the arch under the base.

IMPORTANT: Make sure the holes are filed or sanded well since the electric cable will go through these parts.如果不平滑,电缆可能会被切断。

Step 4: Base

我从一家五金店买了一个圆木底座。如果你找不到,你可以自己切一个,或者用方块,just make sure it is wide enough to be stable when the pole is attached.

1)在底座中心钻一个孔.My pole was 1cm in diameter so I made the hole slightly less than this.这样,以后车轮转动时它就不会松动和摇晃。

2)在底座底部切出一条轨道。电力电缆将进入这条轨道,确保足够深,不会伸出,如果它这样做,底座会摇晃。我把它切成“V”形,然后锉平,直到足够深。

3)将电杆放入底座。确保将拱与轨道对齐,以便电缆可以穿过。如果不完全稳定,put some glue around.

4) Put the wheel over the pole.我更喜欢没有辐条的轮毂侧面朝下,但这取决于你。

第5步:纺纱机

很难找到适合这个的零件。In the end I got a swivelling wheel that you find on the bottom of furniture,broke off all the plastic,and used the remaining metal part.我已经包括了这些图片,我认为这是最好的解决方案,但是如果你想更好的事情,请告诉我。

1)Break plastic off wheeland keep the metal part.长的部分将进入中心杆并自由旋转。

第6步:测高和电缆

在切割电缆之前,最好测试什么高度适合您的设置。

1)把陀螺放在杆子上.

2)把绳子系在轮子上(穿过第3步中的孔,辐条曾经穿过)

3)把刺的另一端穿过陀螺上的孔.You only need a couple of strings since this is just to test the height.

4)如图所示,用夹子固定顶部的绳索。,然后调整字符串的长度,直到找到适合您的设置的高度。当轮毂底部离底座4厘米时,我发现它看起来不错。R灰烬灯泡会从灯杆上的洞里出来,因此,确保车轮足够低,灯泡不会碰到车轮!

5)Measure the length of string from the wheel up to the clamp.This length +1cmis the length of cable you will cut in number 6.(添加的1cm有助于我们稍后定位软管卡箍)

6)按照步骤5中找到的长度切割10*根电缆。*10 for my setup since there 10 holes on my wheel.

****** This is the part where you should probably wear gloves..I managed without,但我身上和灯上都是血(而且很疼)******

Step 7: Electronics and Attaching Bulb

In my final design I decided to use the unnecessarily large white switch you see in the picture above because I thought it looked cool.For this I had to do some wiring myself,但有完整的插头+开关+电线组,你可以购买(例如,我在零件清单上放的那个)。在这些说明中,我将解释第二个选项。

1)Push the wire up through the pole把它从步骤4中的孔中取出。Make sure there is enough wire through the hole to connect and position the bulb.About 6cm should be fine.

2)用胶带/胶水将电线的另一端粘到底座下方的轨道切口中。

3)剥去约1厘米的电线,并将其连接到灯泡插座的螺纹端子上.This youtube视频如果你不知道如何连接灯泡(有用的部分0:30-2:10)。

4)Secure the bulb socket onto the pole using the hose clamp.

5)拧入灯泡并测试.

After testing,从墙上拔下来,把所有的东西都放到一边。Next we will make the part that spins.

第八步:盖

For the cap I used a bulb socket that looked like it could be useful.I hollowed out the inside and drilled holes in the sides.如果你能使用一台3D打印机,你可以做得更好,but if not get creative.

无论你发现什么,基本上确保有三件事:

  • 里面有足够的空间来隐藏电线的顶部。
  • 拧入底部零件的方法(在下一步中解释)。The bulb socket I found conveniently had two 4mm screw holes in it.
  • Drill the same number of holes in the cap as there are holes in the wheel (the holes you made from step 3 when you took out half the spokes - for me this was 10).Make sure they are evenly spaced so the cables line up to the wheel later.

第9步:旋转器和盖子底部

Here we assemble the part which will sit on top of the pole and hold the cables attached to the wheel.

1)在亚克力上画一个与瓶盖顶部大小相同的圆从上一步开始。对于我来说直径7厘米。

2)将盖子顶部放在圆圈上标记钻孔.

3)将金属旋转器放在圆的中心并标记钻孔点。.

4)Drill holesfor screws and切。

6)将金属旋转器拧入切割圆件。Best to put the screws pointing upwards so they don't poke out the bottom.

7)将第6点的零件从上一步拧入盖的顶部.下面显示了一个这样的例子(暂时忽略电缆的输出,我们将在下一步介绍这一点)

Step 10: Attach Cables to Completed Cap

1)Put the 10 cables through the holes of the cap.用胶带把它们粘起来,以便处理。这会让鱿鱼看起来像下面的东西。

2)将10根电缆绑在2.5厘米软管卡箍中。尽可能拧紧卡箍,并将其尽可能地放在电缆上方。

3)解开电缆,把现在比乌贼看起来更像章鱼的部分放在电线杆的顶部。在这一点上,我把黄色胶带放在顶部,因为电缆很锋利。以后我们会做一个更完整的上衣,但现在就这样。

Now we will set these pieces to the side and move on to create the lampshade.

第11步:灯罩框架和灯罩

还有其他方法来做这部分,including just buying a pre made lampshade,但在这里我们将通过弯曲金属丝来制造一个。

1)Take measurements of the setup you have.The lampshade should cover all of the bulb,but not hit the cables when the lamp spins.To find out what works you can draw it roughly as seen in the following picture.根据我的测量,一个锥(实际上是截锥)高23厘米,顶径4cm,底径15cm。

2)Bend wire for the frame into shape.用来固定灯罩的形状可以用一根金属丝做成。Follow the instructions in the pictures by bending the wire back on itself,around in a circle,up and across,下来,并围绕底部圆完成形状。

3)从描图纸上剪下一个圆锥体,然后用胶水粘合成形。其轮廓见下图左侧。如果你对我有不同的维度,不想自己做任何计算,你可以用这个online cone calculator.剪掉后,把它粘住。

4)Place the cone over the frame to make sure it fits well.

5)取出纸锥,打开框架,把架子放在杆子上.打开框架基本上意味着让它看起来像这样。

6)Glue / Tape the top of the frame to the pole at an appropriate height,然后再次关闭框架.For me that meant the top of the frame was 4cm below the top of the pole.为了使连接更好,I cut a small notch in the pole to push the wire into before taping over it.

Step 12: Attaching Cables to the Wheel

既然灯泡和框架都连接在电杆上,电缆可以开始穿过车轮的孔。

**在上面的第一张照片中,我把灯罩放在一边,以便看得更清楚,但在开始紧固任何电缆之前,您应该先将其穿上**

1)弯曲电缆,穿过车轮上的孔。用紧固件固定电缆端部。

2)When all 10 cables are fastened into the wheel you can paint them(and anything else like the base,杆等)白色。It's good to cover the lampshade when doing this so it doesn't get covered in paint.

3)把一圈丙烯酸树脂切出来,使之与盖子的顶部吻合。把这一块粘下来,你就完了。

步骤13:完工灯

谢谢你这么做了-我希望你喜欢/理解/从教员那里学到一些东西。If you have a go at making the lamp then please share the results cause I'd love to see how it turns out!

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    杰瑟拉芬克

    2个月前

    I like the way it looks and it was fun seeing your process!