Instructables Pop-Up Card

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简介:Instructables弹出卡

关于:我是埃因霍温区的机械工程师。在我的业余时间,我喜欢制作随机的东西,既有用品,尤其没用。

A while ago (almost a year actually) I was wearing an Instructables shirt and my then 8-month old son couldn't stop touching the robot. So it was quite obvious something needed to be made which was suitable for him. A plush version of the robot is already on the site, so that sounded way to easy. I needed something where I could do some research, it needed to have simple basics, but I also like a challenge, so those basics should be able to be used to create something a little harder. I finally settles on pop-up book design. A year later and I finally finished the project.

创建弹出窗口只使用两种基本技术,这些在“弹出窗口基础”步骤中进行了说明。这两种技术以不同的方式结合在一起,就可以完成复杂的动作和形式。我在最后一个机器人项目中使用的一些技术可以在“弹出高级”步骤中找到。关于更多的技巧和信息我建议你去弹出频道在Youtube上。一个惊人的地方找到如何做弹出窗口的信息。

我设计了使用CAD的机器人弹出的机制,这就是我工作的方式,并知道如何做的东西。一旦技术方面结束,我就越过inkscape添加图形。但是,我确实相信大多数弹出设计师都有一些不同的工作流程。它们从整体设计开始使用草图。之后,他们对他们所知道的真实纸张和技巧进行实验,可以为设计工作。一旦似乎工作,他们就会数字化所有。一旦您尝试使用纸张的一些基础知识,我的建议就是这样做的方式最好。

在最后一步,我已经包括了机器人弹出卡的pdf文件,所以你可以自己制作。

Step 1: Materials & Tools

材料:

  • 以白纸为例——普通印刷纸应该是好的
  • White paper / cardstock for the final robot - I used 160 grams.
  • 胶水-试着用一种不会使纸张弯曲的胶水,在开始之前测试一下。

工具:

  • 打印机-我把设计添加到每一步。你可以把这些打印出来,然后按步骤折叠。
  • 爱好刀-显然是为了削减设计。

选修的:

  • 钝刀-预先雕刻一个更脆的折叠折叠折叠。
  • 孩子们-我相信每个人都会喜欢这张卡片,但根据我儿子的反应,孩子们会最喜欢它。

Step 2: Pop-Up Basics

弹出式设计的基础知识非常简单。当你打开一页时,某些形状会从书中升起。当页面关闭时,这些形状会再次折叠,剩下的是一张平板。

打开形状的“能量”来自褶皱。当一个结构被添加到一个褶皱中时,就会引入新的褶皱。这些褶皱可以再次作为“能量”弹出其他结构。可以区分两种类型的构造,一种是由穿过基部褶皱的褶皱形成的构造(v型褶皱),另一种是由平行褶皱形成的构造。通过这两种折叠方式的巧妙组合,可以在您想要的任何位置创建3D空间中任何方向的折叠。

在接下来的步骤中解释的所有基本折叠都可以通过打印出附在该步骤中的pdf来完成。

第3步:弹出式基础知识:V形折叠

As mentioned in the pop-up basics introduction, the v-fold crosses the base fold. This means that the angle between both folds (base and introduced) should be in equilibrium. If the angle is not in equilibrium, the page cannot be completely closed. In other words, α1+β1 = α2+β2 or α1-β1 = α2-β2, depending on the direction the fold folds to.

There are 2 main types of v-fold, symmetric and asymmetric. The symmetric fold is when α1=α2 and β1=β2. The asymmetric folds are all other v-folds. Within these main types, front leaning, balanced and back leaning can be distinguished. Front leaning is when the pointed edge of the fold leans towards base fold. Back leaning is when the pointed edge of the fold leans away from the base fold. Balanced is right in the middle, when the edge is standing at a 90 degree angle with respect to the base fold. In total this makes up 6 v-fold to be distinguished:

对称的 不对称
前倾
平衡的
后倾

Step 4: Pop-Up Basics: Parallel Fold

平行折叠平行于原点折叠,因此根据定义,角度在平衡状态。因此要正确平衡并行折叠,而不是角度,但长度应在平衡状态。所以A1 + B1 = A2 + B2。

平行褶皱主要有对称褶皱和不对称褶皱两种类型。对称褶皱为a1=a2,b1=b2。一种特殊的对称褶皱是所有边(a1、a2、b1、b2)长度相同的正方形褶皱。不对称褶皱均为其他平行褶皱。这里常用的一种特殊褶皱是矩形褶皱,其中a1=b2,a2=b1。

Square 矩形

在这些主要类型中,有一些额外的类型可以区分。尖锐的边缘是底座的完全打开时,结构正站起来。钝边是当底部折叠打开90度时,引入的折叠打开了90度但较少的180度。最后是钝边的特殊情况,其中引入的折叠朝向底部折叠折叠,而不是远离它。以下三种类型的示例可以在下面找到对称折叠。

尖边 钝边 Inward fold

仅打开示例90度的基础折叠以查看结果。

第5步:弹出高级

In theory, you already have enough information to make the most elaborate pop-up designs you can think of. However, it is a lot easier if some additional 'advanced' techniques are already explained up front, so you don't have to figure it out yourself. So I explain a couple of them which I used in my final Robot pop-up card.

所有先进的折叠在接下来的步骤可以解释道be made by printing out the pdf attached to that step.

第6步:弹出高级:V形折叠和平行折叠

外面mechanism:

打开弹出窗口时,v形折叠和平行折叠不仅可以创建新的“内部”折叠,用于创建新机构,还可以使用“外部”折叠。在这些情况下,不仅要考虑v形折叠和平行折叠的主要规则、平衡,而且要考虑附加机构具有较大的角度(v形折叠)或较大的长度(平行折叠)。因此α1<β1&α2<β2(v型褶皱)和a1

用作机器人的武器,也是头部。

V形折叠 Parallel fold

站立结构:

The standing structure is ideal as a base for things like buildings. It consists of the base and a horizontal plane/fold parallel to the base. Both are connected with 3 vertical legs, 1 connecting the folds and 1 on each side of the fold. When the base is opened, the structure will stand upright. However, depending on the paper you are using and the weight on top of the structure, it might be necessary to add additional bracing to keep the structure upright. Multiple options exist to brace the structure. Most common is the double 45 degree fold (see next step) or adding a parallel fold between the outside legs (similar to sphere in next step).

用作机器人的腿。

第7步:弹出高级:组合V形折叠和平行折叠

平行折角:

关于这件事其实没什么好说的。这是一个v形褶皱,去掉了点,所以看起来像是一个平行褶皱。

Used for the upper arms of the robot.

双45度折叠:

当底部折叠打开时,要使某些东西直立,可以使用这种折叠。折叠由添加到碱折叠的一张纸和45度V折叠。当折叠开放时,45度V折是对称V折叠,跨越90度。使用插入的纸张和底座之间的45度V折叠将纸张连接在底部折叠中。现在,当你打开底部折叠时,纸张应该直立。

用于机器人的腿(站立结构),以保持机器人直立。

半球:

This one sounds harder than it is. But if we change the sphere into a polygon, it becomes much easier. Start with the standing structure from previous step. However, the two legs should now be replace with a semi circle polygon. The edges of the polygon are then connected using basic pointed edge parallel folds. Using a similar method it is also possible to expand the semi sphere to almost a full sphere.

Used as the body of the robot.

第八步:机器人答谢卡

Initially I wanted to design a complete pop-up book where every pop-up page would be accompanied by a double line of a poem. I even wrote the poem already. However, the first pop-up I designed was the Instructables robot (an even more complicated version then I show in this step) and it turned out to be quite hard. Not only the pop-up part, which I can manage, but especially the accompanying art itself. I like to draw, but am not nearly skilled enough to pull off an entire book within the time I like to spend on such a project. So the book was down scaled down to a single page. But at least now our favorite robot has a pop-up character.

正如您将在这一步中发现的,我已经包含了两个版本的机器人弹出窗口。有关如何打印和组装的详细信息也可以在附加的pdf中找到。请欣赏弹出的卡片,并在评论中留下“我做到了”。

对于那些对诗感兴趣的人:

机器人周围有很多人类朋友,
但是有一种朋友他还没有找到。
幸运的是,自制机器人是最新的趋势,
所以他决定让自己成为一个机器人小朋友。
他开始收集坚果和螺栓之类的机械材料,
And in the middle of it all, should be a heart made of gold.
He started tinkering and a small robot came to be,
但是你可以看到一个惭愧的赤裸机器人。
于是,可指示的机器人又开始寻找补给,
This time he gathered fabrics, cardboard, paint and other dyes.
使用工具和材料发现机器人穿着衣服,
就连他的人类朋友也对他印象深刻。
The little Robot was no longer naked and wore his skin proud,
“我们永远是朋友”,他告诉赋予指挥官机器人。

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    4评论

    0
    seamster

    4days ago

    哇哦!太棒了。爱死它了!: )

    0
    ruudcreates

    4天前回复

    谢谢:D

    0
    布尔尼克

    6天前

    这看起来太棒了:D

    0
    ruudcreates

    回复5 days ago

    谢谢:)设计这个很有趣。