精灵胸骨胸针

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简介:精灵胸骨胸针

关于:您需要知道的只是我存在……

你要冒险吗?您需要一些东西来保持斗篷固定!那个“东西”称为“体重胸针”,几乎被曾经存在的每个人类文明使用和制造。


我本人和一群朋友最近决定远足,我们会戴斗篷。当然,这意味着我们需要一堆胸针。一个朋友的灵感来自“指环王”,并制作了洛林叶子的令人惊叹的电影版本。我正在浏览网络以进行更传统的胸针设计,并偶然发现了汉娜的博客:在沙漠中让里文德尔。在其中,她有一个关于精灵胸针的帖子, 并说:


我在想精灵胸针。虽然电影中的胸针很漂亮,但他们从来没有让我感到震惊。因为,基本上它是一个光荣的胸针。它非常适合将轻质面料固定在一起。但是,胸针并不是固定沉重的羊毛斗篷的最坚固的事情。我发现这是用另一个胸针销在费城冬季固定的重羊毛斗篷。


She then went on and posted a set of designs for some elf-inspired brooches. Looking further on her blog revealed that she had been unable to make these designs as she had drawn them.

无论如何,我做了一堆胸针(其中一些是受她设计的启发),然后我们进行了徒步旅行(并进行了史诗般的冒险)。返回后,我在她的博客上张贴了我是否可以寄给她。令我高兴的是,她回应了,所以这张可指导的文件是我如何制作一个现在已经在世界范围的中途发布的文件!

因此,在这里,我们有了洛里安(Lórien)的叶子:托尔金(Tolkien)在1950年代被托尔金(Tolkien)梦dream以求,由我在2013年从未在美国见面的人设计,并由他们在2022年在新西兰从未在新西兰遇见的人制作。


Oh yeah, and as bonus street cred, I spent last year doing some work as a forest ranger - in the forest Aragorn led the hobbits through on the way to Rivendell.


这是一个不错的星期六早晨项目,开始左右大约需要2-4个小时。

Supplies

在制作这些时,我认为没有很多工具需要很多工具,但是当我将它们全部放在板凳上并试图放大足够远以拍照时,我意识到它确实需要很少的东西。

材料:

  • 3mm Brass Rod
  • 1-2毫米黄铜板
  • 设计

Tools:

  • 锤子 +锤子上的东西
  • hacksaw
  • Fretsaw(或珠宝商看到)
  • Files
  • 记号笔
  • PPE (gloves, safety glasses, earmuffs)
  • dremel和钻头(钻石毛刺,形切齿轮,钢丝刷)。没有什么可以阻止您用针头档案和雕刻仪进行操作,但是旋转工具使事情变得更快。
  • Source of heat (gas stove, butane/propane torch, windproof lighter, anything more than a candle)
  • 小型建模者虎钳
  • 砂纸


奖金:

Bonus points of awesomeness are issued for:

  • Wearing a cloak
  • 为前件画自己的设计
  • 在森林或山顶上有一个研讨会
  • 有尖头的耳朵

步骤1:形成戒指:扁平末端

将3mm黄铜杆的长度切成〜13厘米。较长的胸针将导致更大的胸针,在较小的胸针中较短。

当黄铜来自工厂时,通常会滚动或挤出。这使它变得非常僵化和艰难。虽然我们可以通过蛮力形成戒指,但如果我们先退化黄铜要容易得多。这使黄铜柔软,但也(某种程度上)不可逆。据我所知,硬黄铜的唯一方法就是工作。幸运的是,即使处于退火状态,3毫米黄铜杆也足够坚固,可以固定牢固的斗篷。而且,如果它弯曲开来 - 您总是可以再次弯曲它,然后它将…………更加坚固,因此更强壮。

因此,无论如何,冶金笔记,除了将黄铜杆变热。它不需要发光,但是我要寻找的颜色改变了:它有点白色 - 好像它已经被抛光了。老实说,我不知道为什么它会像这样改变颜色(氧化物层?),但这似乎表明它的温度大约是正确的。

Anneal the whole bar, hammer the ends flat,再次退火。Remove any discolouration with sandpaper. I used my dremel to speed up the cleanup.


生活骇客:

图片中那个有趣的砂轮是什么?这是一个毡状的抛光轮,上面有一条砂纸白色的砂纸。该条带绕多次缠绕,因此,如果它“变得钝”,我就可以拉出一些新层。只要您不太旋转它,它就可以享受。比官方的Dremel Sanding鼓便宜,如果您愿意的话,您可以将它们一直升至1200粒度。

步骤2:形成戒指:塑形

Curl the ends with a pair of round-nose pliers, then bend it around into a circle. I bent it into a circle by hand as much as possible to avoid denting the metal, but this gets very hard near the ends. So for the final tweaks I put some cloth around the round-nose-pliers so that I can tweak the tips.

You can spend an infinite amount of time getting the ring rounder. At some point you just have to declare it done.

努力弯曲技巧?在将它们锤打后第二次将其退化,对吗?如果您真的很挣扎,可以在热时形成它。


In this design I've curled the ends inwards. You can also curl them outwards, leave them flat, tie them in knots or form them into leaves. Heck, do a search for penannular brooch on google images and be amazed. I ended up making nine brooches for the hike - and they pretty much all had different styles on the ends. Go nuts!

步骤3:图钉:切割轮廓

将您想要的形状绘制到黄铜板上。只要您在做这件事时就需要长时间,因为在墨水中改变线的形状要比重塑金属要容易得多。然后用弗雷索(Fretsaw)或珠宝商看到的锯将其切出。从黄铜擦除标记(这样您就可以看到实际制作的内容),并用某些文件完善配置文件。


这是项目中最慢的部分,可能需要1-2个小时。


设计笔记

See those two extra tabs beside the main pin? Those are highly important. Have a look into the future steps to see how the pin is joined to the ring to understand. They should be ~1-1.5cm long. Err on the side of length and cut them down if needed.

The pin should be longer than the widest part of the ring. It should be narrower than the opening in the ring (but should still be ~4-5mm wide in order to be strong enough).

设计覆盖的胸针越多,销就越难使用。理想的您希望能够将设计整个旋转。由于叶子的粘性程度,这种设计不完全允许,但是可以。这是实用性和美丽之间的权衡,并且一旦披风就不会脱掉别针,所以我认为可以更难放入它是可以的。

Cutting Notes

首先将与金属片分开,然后处理细节可能很诱人。我发现这是一种糟糕的方法,因为它使该作品更难持有和弱(风险弯曲)。因此,请先切出最接近纸板边缘的零件。

You can support the brass sheet by cutting a notch in a piece of wood. This reduces the risk of it bending and means you can saw from more angles. I also use this wood sacrificially to help start cuts in precise locations: cut a little way into the wood and then you know exactly where the blade will be and you can put the metal in front of it and not risk the blade jumping sideways.

My fretsawing skills aren't amazing - I struggle to cut the pin super-straight. To fix this, mount the pin in a vise and use a file to make it straight. At this point you can also clean up any other imprefections - make curves uniform, make the tip of the pin symmetric etc.

Step 4: The Pin: Smoothing the Pin

The pin needs to be pushed through fabric, so the smoother it is, the better. This extends to rounding the "corners." Which corners? When you cut a profile the sawblade is vertical, so the pin viewed from the end is rectangular. We're going to turn it more into a pill-shape when viewed from the end.

为此,请在DREMEL上使用形状切割器将这些角落倾斜至45度,然后用120粒度的砂纸完成将其弄平。您应该尽可能光滑 - 包括图片所示的“标签”内部的零件。


您不必现在就可以完美地平滑,因为您稍后可以进行此操作,但是您现在做的越多,当前脸的抛光效果均匀抛光和完成时,您必须做的就越少(因此,损坏的风险较低对此)


A note on the dremel bit

我使用的Dremel位(#194)名义上设计用于切木。黄铜足够柔软,以至于可能不会过多地降低运营生活。为什么要使用这个切割器而不是使用钻石毛刺?好吧,它剪得更快,并且具有非常尖锐的“角”。这意味着您可以用尖锐的“底部”创建非常干净的凹槽


边注

At about this point I dropped my camera (Canon EOS M50) on the concrete floor of my garage. I knocked it clean off the workbench and it fell with one great, uh, bounce? There was no damage - not even the corners were marred. I have no idea what indestructium this camera is made of, but whew!

步骤5:销钉:雕刻叶子

It's time to add some detail to our profile. With this design I elected to first cut out the main leaf bodies from each other. Then I beveled the edges of the leaves. With a shaped-tooth cutter (#194) this process really doesn't take that long, but you have to be careful because a single touch in the wrong place will leave a scar. So go slowly and carefully and make sure you're sitting comfortably at your workbench, with nothing in the way of your elbows.

为了切割叶子的静脉,您真的想在一次深处进行。切割器的边缘是90度角,因此您应该能够得到一个很好的深凹槽。

然后可以用钻石毛刺完成雕刻,以使切口的末端平滑,因此不再有如此不同的线条开始。


笔记:

1mm的黄铜听起来不厚,但是实际上您可以使用大量材料。您的雕刻越深,结果就越惊人。在此指导的最后一步中,我向我展示了其他三个叶子胸针,因为我对Dremel更加自信。在我看来,更深=更好。

我们为什么要使用一个正方形shaped-tooth-cutterveins rather than something with a point? Well, a tool needs motion to cut, and this motion comes from the spinning of the tool. The tip of a cutter with a point has (at the tip) almost no motion. It's still spinning but the distance that the tool moves against the material is very very low. This means that the tip of a pointed tool has almost no ability to cut.

步骤6:销钉:抛光和穹顶

现在所有的塑造都完成了,是时候抛光那些叶子了!在这一点上,我很兴奋,没有拍出太多照片,但是基本想法是使用几个阶段。我做了120个网格砂纸,然后是400个网格砂纸,然后在我的dremel中进行钢丝刷。您总是可以花更多的时间抛光,但是这对我来说很好。切刀和钻石毛刺仍然有一些工具标记,但是您必须知道在哪里看。


在这一点上销还是一块平坦的金属。It's got some nice carving in it, but the way it reflects the light is still as though it was almost flat. I can't think of much of a way to describe this, but perhaps it's because it acts like a mirror, and so it tends to reflect one thing at a time. By giving it a curve across the whole shape it's reflection becomes more "rounded"? It's hard to describe really.

无论如何,这样做的过程是将其面向朝下放在一块木头上,并用锤子轻轻击中它。您真的想要一个球端锤,但我没有。所以我用了常规锤子的角落。它确实落后了,但是,这是背部。

曲线并不多,但是考虑到要做的努力很少,它确实可以改善外观。

步骤7:将销钉加入戒指

Remember those two tabs I mentioned way back in the design stage? Here's why they're so important. They're used to join the pin to the ring. You can curve the whole pin through 180 degrees to that it's wrapped around the ring, but then it can still be pulled off. You can continue bending those tabs further around so that the pin is permanently mounted.

Getting this bend where you want it is more an art than a science. Putting the pin face-down and bending up is the best way I've come up with so far. Make sure to put something protective (eg paper) over your nice polished pin so it doesn't get marred.


(I forgot to take photos of this stage, and the brooch being made here is now wrapped up in a parcel, so I've used a picture of another brooch I made with only a single leaf).

步骤8:冒险

你完成了。将其穿过一些织物,然后将环锁定锁定。


我在这里用这种技术制作了几张胸针的照片,您可以清楚地看到我如何变得更加冒险。第一个(单叶)只是一个带有静脉的轮廓,没有穹顶,什么也没有。是的,看起来很酷,但看起来也像是从黄铜纸上切出的形状。第二个(带有三片叶子和卷发)有一点雕刻和一些污染物,而且看起来更好。这只鸟是我制作的第三只,在翅膀上的塑造比我以前更大。在此指导中制作的是(我认为)迄今为止最好的。


因此,抓住斗篷,将其固定,然后走到远处。

成为第一个分享的人

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