早期学习的形状和数字玩具受到蒙台梭利的影响

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Introduction: Early Learning Shapes and Numbers Toy Influenced by Montessori

关于:主要是木工相关项目,具有对玩具,乐器和复古工具的特殊兴趣。

这是一个简单的项目,可以使用少量木工手工制作。

要制作此项目,您将需要:

A small sheet of of plywood or solid wood 22cm x 44cm at 9mm - 12mm thick

10mm dowel.

手钻

10mm Spade钻头

12毫米铁锹钻头

Bradawl

铅笔

测量尺子或胶带

手锯

应对锯

砂纸

Wood glue

废木用作砂光块

Scrap wood to use as a sacrificial base when drilling holes

Step 1: Measure and Cut the Wood

测量22厘米宽44厘米长,切割纸张,在22cm正方形处提供两件。

一件将用于底座,另一件将用于制造形状。

第2步:绘制准备切割的形状

Measure out the shapes and mark the outline using a pencil.

在此阶段,您可以随时尽可能准确地进行准确。这将确保一切都匹配并稍后适合。

首先将22cm广场划分为4个部分。这些将测量11cm平方。

要创建圆形,请在右下部分绘制两个对角线。交叉线将为指南针提供一个中心。使用指南针绘制直径为10cm的圆圈。

要创建三角形,请在左上部分绘制两个对角线。从部分的每个边缘测量5mm并画出正方形。广场应在每侧测量10厘米。在拉伸正方形的底线上,测量5cm沿找到中心并通过交叉中心线绘制一条线。沿着中心线测量86毫米,标记点。从底线的每一端绘制一条线,以满足86毫米上的标记。这将创建一个带10cm长边的等边三角形。

要创建矩形形状,请从右上部分的侧面绘制两个垂直线35mm。接下来从顶部绘制10cm,从底部向上10厘米。矩形应达到10厘米4cm

为了创建方形,从右边缘绘制10cm,从右下部分的顶部边缘绘制10cm。正方形应沿每一侧测量10厘米。

To help when cutting out the shapes, shade all areas of waste to leave a clear view of the shapes.

第3步:切割形状并准备钻孔

在使用应对或褶皱锯绘制的线之后将形状切出。当切割时,最好将稍微在线稍微留在线外,以便在以后使用砂纸向生产线进行清洁。

该圆圈应该在切割之前使标记的中心标有标记。

For the holes in the square, measure 2cm in from each edge and create a smaller square with 6cm sides.

对于矩形中的孔,从边缘绘制在2cm的中心。下一个标记2cm沿着顶部和底部的中心线。

孔的三角形,衡量一半5 cm along each edge and draw a line to each point. Measure 64mm along each center line and mark. You can draw a triangle by drawing from each 65mm mark to the next. This will give a clearer indication for drilling.

使用臂架,在每个形状中钻孔的位置处进行缩进。

钻井前确保:

The circle only has a central hole.

矩形在沿着中心线制造的标记上有两个孔。

The triangle has three hole at the points of the inner triangle.

The square will have 4 holes at each corner of the inner square.

第4步:钻在形状中的孔

Using the indicated marks in each shape carefully drill a 12mm hole at each mark.

Use a hand drill with a 12mm spade bit. Place a piece of scrap wood underneath the shape and drill part the way through until the tip of the bit is showing on the other side.

Remove the bit and flip the shape over.

使用小孔从尖端通过作为指导,直到孔完成。

This method should prevent wood fibers from tearing out as usually can happen if you drill completely through from one side.

Clean up the shapes using sandpaper. This should remove any pencil marks and leave the pieces feeling smoother. Make sure to pay attention to the edges where splinters are often more likely to occur.

Step 5: Preparing the Base for Drilling and Receiving the Dowel Pegs

将基部分成11cm平方的四个部分。

Draw two diagonal lines in the upper left section. This is where the circle shape will be placed. It only requires one peg hole.

Draw a line 2cm from the top and 2cm from the bottom of the upper right section. Mark 55mm in from the sides on each line. This is where the rectangle shape will be placed. It requires two peg holes.

Draw a line 55mm in from the edge to form a center line in the bottom right section. Make a mark 35mm down from the top of the center line. Draw a line 25 mm from the bottom of the section. From the center line, mark 3cm in each direction along the bottom line. This is where the triangle shape will be placed. It requires three peg holes.

从左下部分的每个边缘绘制2厘米,以获得6厘米的正方形。这是将放置方形形状的地方。它需要四个钉孔。

Check the measurements again carefully and place the shapes in place to confirm that the peg holes are in the correct position for each shape.

Using a bradawl, make an indent at the position of the holes to be drilled in the base.

步骤6:钻底座以接收定位钉

Using the indicated marks in base for each peg hole carefully drill a 10mm hole at each mark.

Use a hand drill with a 10mm spade bit. Place a piece of scrap wood underneath the base and drill part the way through until the tip of the bit is showing on the other side.

删除该位并将底座翻转。使用小孔从尖端通过作为指导,直到孔完成。

This method should prevent wood fibers from tearing out as usually can happen if you drill completely through from one side.

使用砂纸清理底座。这应该清除任何铅笔标记,并留下感觉更顺畅的作品。

Make sure to pay attention to the edges where splinters are often more likely to occur.

Step 7: Install the Dowel Pegs

标记10mm销钉25mm长度并切断以产生小钉。

You will need to repeat this step until you have 10 pegs.

在胶合前使用砂纸光滑钉子。

每个孔中使用少量木胶,将钉子固定到位。它们可以在底座上略微突出,这可以在以后打磨。最好突出钉子和沙子,而不是留下凹槽或缩进,从孔中足够远。

Step 8: Finishing the Toy

检查形状适合并完成。

我喜欢使用烙画机来编号的形状,将它们烧成木材,但它们可以简单地绘制。

I also like to outline each shape on the base as it helps the child in recognizing the place of each shape.

The toy can be left unfinished. I like to use Organic Linseed Oil and Beeswax mix as a safe finish.

快乐的学习和玩耍

namaste :)

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