繁忙的按钮盒 - 蒙台梭利风格的电子板玩具幼儿

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Introduction: Busy Button Box - Montessori-style Electronic Board Toy for Toddlers

关于:我是作家,制造商和教育家,他正在通过动手工程项目的使命,以改善世界。查看我的工作:www.stem-inventions.com/

忙碌的董事会are great for toddlers to practice their motor skills, independent play, and concentration. However, my 18-month old has spent far more time playing with light switches around the house than any busy board!

我购物了一个具有电动元素和类似蒙台梭利的设计的电子按钮盒玩具,但没有任何东西,所以Busy Button Box被发明!

这是按钮框的第三版。如果您想在我设计(和重新设计)这个项目时看到我的思考过程,请看一下视频。对于逐步的方向,请继续阅读。

  • If you have feedback on how to make this project better, please share! I normally invent STEM activities for kids so this project is outside of my expertise. I'm sure there's room for improvement!
  • 本项目指南使用一些精美的工具!如果您无法访问激光切割器或3D打印机,请以此指导为灵感来使用可使用的工具来构建一些东西。在视频中,您会看到我的第一个原型是用纸板和热胶制成的!

Safety notice: This product of this Instructable has not been reviewed by any child safety agency. Only use under close adult supervision.

Supplies

步骤1:切掉碎片

Cut out the 6mm wood pieces with a laser cutter using 6mm laser-safe Baltic birch plywood. On a basic Glowforge laser cutter, the settings are充满电and 115 speed. Plywood width may vary so be sure to test your settings.

3mm激光安全的丙烯酸丙烯酸以全功率和157速度切割。

盒子是在www.makercase.com上设计的

Step 2: Glue the Box Together

On all 4 the side pieces: Apply wood glue to the inside of the slots and to the side of the tabs facing the main top piece.

  • Tip: Use an old paintbrush to apply the glue. It's fast and helps get the glue into the corners.

Clamp the box together from all sides, then use mini clamps or binder clips to clamp the thin edge of the large opening to the side of the box. Make sure the opening for the 21mm master toggle switch is on the front of the box.

  • Tip: If you don't have enough clamps, wrap the box in a rope or bungee cord, then put something heavy on top.

通过将电动机速度控制器安装粘贴到其插槽中,并通过将剩余的3个激光切割矩形粘合到盒子的角落中,从而完成盒子组件。

步骤3:沙子和打蜡盒子

删除所有焦痕,并用180粒度砂纸清理多余的胶水。将盒子的外部,后板和激光切割螺旋桨的两侧打磨。在进行之前,擦去木尘。

Next, prepare to coat the box in wax by covering the corners with masking tape. 3/4" width tape is ideal, but 1" will work too.

What's the masking for?In the last step, the foam safety bumpers are attached to the corners with adhesive. The adhesive doesn't adhere well to the waxed wood, so masking the corners will ensure a better bond.


Thoroughly coat the outside of the box and back plate with wax according to the wax's instructions. This gives the box some protection from sticky toddler hands!

Step 4: Install the Buttons and Switches

Prepare the household switches by wrapping 3-4" (8-10cm) lengths of bar wire around the terminals. Doing this now is much easier than later, after the switches have already been installed.

Attach the switches in their respective cutouts using short wood screws.

  • 重要的!Make sure the top of the switches are next to the acrylic window cutout. The word "Top" will be embossed onto part of the switch.
  • 提示:双开关盖板的公差很小,因此,必须将开关几乎完全对齐很重要。为此,请将盖板放在开关上,然后牢固拧紧所有螺钉。摆动板,直到将其安装在两个开关上,然后小心地卸下板并完成拧紧螺钉。

Attach the toggle and momentary buttons into their respective cutouts. You can order the colors of the momentary buttons however you want.

  • 图所示的12mm矩RGB LED按钮是金属,但是如果需要,您可以使用另一个塑料。

Step 5: Install the 5mm LEDs

For the assorted color LEDs: Match the colors of the LEDs with the buttons. Rotate the LEDs so the positive terminal is facing the buttons. Spread the wire leads apart, then apply a generous glob of hot glue behind the LED.

对于RGB相位LED:面向瞬时按钮的正端子,然后重复相同的热胶技术。

Step 6: Install the Light Bulb Mounts

The lightbulbs will be mounted inside the box with large strap-style cable organizers. Prepare the cable organizer with a lead wire for the bulb by wrapping a 4" (10cm) length of bar wire several times around the middle of the strap.

Why not solder wire onto the bulb?The heat from the soldering iron can destroy the electronics inside the light bulb. Also, the metal casing requires a very high temperature to form a solder bond - even with rosin - so it's very easy to overheat and destroy the lightbulb's circuitry.


Attach the cable organizers above the center of the switches. Align the edge of the cable organizer base with the acrylic window cutout.

Use a small screw and washer to secure the base of the strap to the box. The other side of the box will be covered with the switch plate, so it's okay if the screw goes through the wood.

  • 重要的!如图所示,请确保皮带在完全打开时彼此指向。如果皮带指向相同的方向,则灯泡将与开关未对齐。

Step 7: Install the Lightbulbs

Create a wire lead for positive terminal of the bulb by cutting a 4" (10cm) length of bar wire, then bend a small loop on one end. Position the loop over the bottom of the bulb, then hold it in place with a tightly stretched piece of electrical tape.

  • The tape also provides some friction to help keep the bulb strapped in.

用另一个灯泡重复,然后将两个灯泡绑在适当的位置。您可能需要使用一对钳子将皮带拉紧。在表带末端附近使用一块热胶,以防止其撤离。

Step 8: Install the Battery Holder and Motor Controller

Use two small screws (M1.7x4) to secure the battery holder as shown.

Use four small bolts with nuts and washers to hold the motor controller in place. I used M3 nylon bolts, then trimmed off the excess and used a little CA glue to ensure the nuts doesn't loosen over time with the vibrations from the motor.

步骤9:安装电动机和旋钮

Fit a M4 bolt into the motor mount, then snap the mount onto the metal motor casing. Make sure the copper motor terminals are exposed.

Use a nut to secure the motor to the box. Trim off the excess bolt and apply a little CA glue to ensure it doesn't loosen.

3D print the knob with at least 25% infill. To attach the knob: First turn the metal dial counterclockwise until it clicks into the off position. Use one hand to support the motor controller dial, then push-fit the knob on. I suggest orienting the knob so the indicator circle is pointing to the lower left corner of the box.

Lastly, fit the laser cut propeller onto the plastic motor shaft. All the hardware installation is complete!

Step 10: Connect the Electronics

感谢用户Killawhat为了向我展示如何制作更简单的电路图,请在此处显示(请参阅原始图的最后一个图像)。

I made this using circuit-diagram.org.

单击图像以获取有关如何在不遵循图表的情况下连接电子设备的注释。


Step 11: Finish and Test the Electronics

将所有分组的阳性末端和负末端连接到两个相互的集线器中。

用电线螺母限制轮毂,然后安装3台AA电池,并进行所有测试!

Step 12: Add the Acrylic Covers

Use 1.7Mx8 screws to attach the acrylic covers over the window cutouts. Tighten slowly by hand to avoid over-tightening and cracking the acrylic.

可选:您可以在使用前在螺纹上涂上一层薄薄的Ca胶,以进一步固定大丙烯酸窗口。不要将Ca胶放在电池舱盖螺钉上!

步骤13:固定盒子的背面

Align the backplate with the box, then hold it in place with clamps. Using the precut holes in the backplate as a guide to drill pilot holes into the sides of the box using a 1/16" bit.

Keep the clamps in place, then use M2x12 screws to attach the backplate to the box.

步骤14:添加保险杠

Apply furniture pads to the corners of the box. These protect the surfaces that the box is placed on.

接下来,安装角落保险杠:

  1. Cut 2" (5cm) foam pieces (x4).
  2. Cut the adhesive strips into 2" (5cm) pieces (x8).
  3. Apply the adhesive strip to the inside faces of the foam corner bumper.
  4. 小心地将泡沫对齐到盒子的角落,然后牢固地在角落上固定30秒。

The box is complete! If you made one yourself or have any feedback on this design, please share with me. I'm unfamiliar with a lot of the materials and processes that were used in this project so I'm open to redesigning the button box again in version 4!

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    26条评论

    0
    Ben Finio

    4 days ago

    Awesome project! I build one of these a while ago that was just light switches, using a box from Michael's://www.smiletrl.com/Childs-Toy-Light-Switch-Box/但这有一些问题 - 我不得不拧下整个盖子以更换电池,而我的侄子一直抓住LED而不是开关,所以它们变得松动(我通过将导线推到盒子的前面,将其推向了,所以他们坚持下去,而不是从后面推整灯泡)。您的方法要好得多。喜欢添加风扇和电池室的清晰盖。

    0
    LanceMakes

    Reply 2 days ago

    Thanks for the positive feedback! Your design has inspired many people to build their own :)

    0
    默德里希

    15天前

    如此出色的指南,非常详细,放在一起。作为一名技术老师,我喜欢您经历的清晰设计过程,并与观众分享。还有.... makercase?不敢相信我还没有找到这个,感谢您的分享!

    0
    Hey Jude

    19天ag)o

    很棒的指南。这是一件小事,但我爱你使电池可见。很棒的向导,有人击败了我,建议在燃烧的碎屑上胶水 - 但这是一个很小的细节,而且是一个很好的发明。我儿子现在已经大一点了,但是会很喜欢这个(我还为您孩子大的时候就提交了一场游戏!哈哈!)。将跟随您未来的工作!= d

    0
    AE7HD

    19天ag)o

    I built my own versions of this as a kid. My dad would bring home appliance boxes, I'd turn them into spaceships with "working" control panels. I'd take apart flashlights for the bulbs, use translucent art paper for color, and use cut up tin cans and rubber bands to make switches. My dad had to buy new lantern batteries and bulbs whenever we were going camping, as I'd have already used them all up.

    0
    sewphia_makes

    24天前

    I love this! Maybe I will make for my cousin...
    小时候会很想拥有,希望我能拥有它

    0
    AE7HD

    Reply 19 days ago

    我小时候建造了自己的。

    0
    AE7HD

    19天ag)o

    伟大的项目。回到80年代,我为侄子建造了一个繁忙的按钮盒。他从中得到了很多用途,当他们的兄弟姐妹来时也是如此。当时没有激光切割机或3D打印机,无论如何都不适合。我使用了一个无线电棚项目框以及许多不同类型的按钮,开关,灯光和声音。我还提供了几条触摸线,这些触摸线可以更快地咆哮,您可以更好地接触。

    0
    knexized

    25天前

    I gotta say, very nice! I love this idea so much! Is there other wood compatible for laser cutting or is it just the plywood and acrylic?

    0
    LanceMakes

    Reply 25 days ago

    我使用的唯一其他材料是MDF,但我不建议它不如胶合板那么强

    0
    knexized

    Reply 24 days ago

    Could you remind me what MDF stands for?

    0
    乔夫

    Reply 24 days ago

    中密度纤维板

    0
    knexized

    Reply 24 days ago

    谢谢乔!只是好奇,兰奇马克斯,激光切割的时间范围是什么?

    0
    乔夫

    27 days ago onStep 12

    不错的设备。但是,它仅限于开关和灯光。由于STEM(科学技术工程学)促进了思维,因此最好提供插件来完成电路并打开特定的光线。例如,带有图片打开风扇或颜色灯的按钮。这个18个月大的孩子还将受益于能够将零件放在一起创建结果的光线。(顺便说一句,并非所有人都能负担得起CNC)。
    Keep up the good work, our kids need guidance to succeed.

    0
    LanceMakes

    Reply 25 days ago

    同意,添加大型插件将帮助年幼的孩子体验如何形成电路的方式!在这种设计中,我决定避免任何孩子可以放在嘴里的任何东西,尤其是因为电线的插件会被电气化。

    0
    乔夫

    Reply 24 days ago

    好点子。也许将较大尺寸的钉子与灯光匹配,以便将其放在孔中,将其压在摇杆开关上以激活相同的颜色灯。再次,好项目。
    保持良好的工作。我也是一名退休老师。如果我只有CNC。☹️找不到本地。至于CNC的替代方案:使用拼图,军刀锯,钻孔的钻头和应对锯将起作用。末端不需要互锁,它们可以重叠并粘合,钉子或拧在一起。
    最良好的祝愿。

    0
    RichFarwell

    27 days ago

    Nice project. To prevent burning your wood surfaces, spray some Elmer's spray adhesive on white typing paper. Follow instructions to make the paper "removable", apply to the uncut wood surface, then laser through the paper. The burn marks will be less or nonexistent on the wood.
    评论者抱怨他们不甲型肝炎e a 3D printer or laser cutter; check your community to see if there's a Makerspace nearby. Or check your public library: many now have 3D printers or lasers for use by the public. Our locallibraryhas partnered with our Makerspace (Slomakerspace.com) 提供freeaccess to library card holders.

    0
    LanceMakes

    Reply 25 days ago

    丰富的资源!w88官网手机而且,如果您无法访问本地激光切割器,则可以搜索将自定义激光切割文件将文件运送到您的房屋的公司。尝试使用搜索短语“定制激光切割文件运到家里”

    0
    ReneW29

    26天前

    Great idea. Box can be made with plain butt joints if you don't have a laser cutter.
    可能会考虑使用端子块或PC板制作接线。

    0
    LanceMakes

    Reply 25 days ago

    我从未听说过终端块,这听起来像是一个好主意!

    同意,可以在没有激光切割机的情况下组装盒子!如果您或其他任何人都有关于如何使用手动工具进行切口的想法,请添加到此线程中